Managing a motorway in Italy, for dealers, according to the sources of the Ministry of Transport for the last year for which the complete data are given, represents the classic hen with golden eggs: a collection of about 6.9 billion, with profits on average above 16%.
Given the profits and the scarce investments for maintenance, government officials have said that it is necessary to nationalize Italian motorways.
Opposite other representatives and various governors, who hypothesized that nationalization would lead, for example, with the current rules of the public sector, not to design a new bridge in 8 months, imaginative hypothesis, but in about 20 years.
From private fantasy to public drama.
To privatize means to give?
The perception that all privatizations, are gifts to private friends, is the main reason that led the traditional parties to collapse in favor of populists, example is the battle on the privatization of water, with the referendum won but remained a dead letter.
It is also clear that the concessions should be the conclusion of an administrative process carried out with the utmost transparency, in which the public perceives the convenience of giving individuals the management of the asset in order to obtain a benefit both for them and for the community.
We have seen in recent years, the battles of small dealers subject to the strict rules of transparency required by the European Community and the ease with which the large dealers have obtained their interest.
The key is in the concessions agreements, in the documents that establish the rights and duties of the grantor, the State, and the concessionaire, the private operator. Contracted by Ministries and private managers, they are understood in which Policy also plays a fundamental role.
The State: Legislative, Executive, Judicial power
In these agreements should also include the control of the judiciary, first of all accounting, not to allow a good or a public service is managed by individuals with profits so high as to give rise to the suspicion that not only derive from management skills compared to public management .
In fact, if the state is inefficient in the management of an asset, it is correct that it should intervene the private, but as mentioned, avoiding that the asset restricts its value / benefit to the community in favor of the private.
Not only highways, water but also health care, lotteries, energy, tlc, state-owned spaces up to sports management, or in all those activities for which there is a state.